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List of Terms Related to Electric Vehicles
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Glossary of Terms for Electric and Hybrid VehiclesIt won't be too long before we're all driving around in electric vehicles, or, at the very least, hybrid vehicles. The growth of the electric-car industry in the last decade has given rise to dozens of new terms that will soon become commonplace for drivers.
|AFV||Alternative Fuel Vehicle||Any vehicle that runs on a fuel other than traditional petrol or diesel.|
|BEV||Battery Electric Vehicle||A vehicle with an electric motor powered entirely by batteries.|
|E-REV||Extended Range Electric Vehicle||Means exactly the same as EREV (below).|
|EREV||Extended Range Electric Vehicle||A type of plug-in electric vehicle that is powered by an electric motor, but which uses a small petrol or diesel generator to produce electricity to charge the battery when it is depleted. (Also known as E-REVs.)|
|EV||Electric Vehicle||The umbrella term for any kind of electrified vehicle.|
|FCEV||Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle||Electric vehicles that use a hydrogen fuel cell to power an electric motor, which drives the vehicle. (Also known as FCVs.)|
|FCV||Fuel Cell (Electric) Vehicle||Means exactly the same as FCEV (above).|
|HEV||Hybrid Electric Vehicle||A type of electric vehicle that uses either petrol or diesel fuel as the main power source for the engine, and also has a small electric motor which assists the internal combustion engine.|
|ICE||Internal Combustion Engine||The type of engine used to power most non-electric power-generating devices, including vehicles. An ICE works through igniting and combusting the fuel within the engine itself.|
|PEV||Plug-In Electric Vehicle||The blanket term for any electric vehicle with a plug socket. (Also sometimes called PIVs.)|
|PHEV||Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle||The type of electric vehicle that uses either petrol or diesel fuel to power the engine, and also has batteries to power an electric motor.|
|PIV||Plug-In Vehicle||Another way of saying PEV (above).|
|RE-EV||Range-Extended Electric Vehicle||Another way of saying EREV (above.)|
|REx||Range-Extended Electric Vehicle||Another way of saying EREV (above.)|
|RB||Regenerative Braking||A feature of electric vehicles that allows the kinetic energy generated through braking to be sent to the battery for use in powering the vehicle.|
|RPH||Range Per Hour||A metric by which the power of electric vehicle chargers is rated. RPH allows drivers to estimate how far they can go after a specific period of charging.|
|V2G||Vehicle to Grid||The concept of feeding the energy stored in an electric vehicle battery back into the grid.|
|V2X||Vehicle to Everything||Technology that allows a vehicle to communicate with traffic infrastructure, control systems, and other vehicles.|
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