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Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Terms
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A-Z Glossary of Terms Related to Electric VehiclesThis table includes a brief summary of terms and abbreviations related to electric and hybrid vehicles, with links to further details of each definition.
If you spot an error or know a term we've missed, please tell us using the form at the foot of the table.
|AFV||Alternative Fuel Vehicle||Any vehicle that runs on a fuel other than traditional petrol or diesel.|
|BEV||Battery Electric Vehicle||A vehicle with an electric motor powered entirely by batteries.|
|E-REV||Extended Range Electric Vehicle||Means exactly the same as EREV (below).|
|EREV||Extended Range Electric Vehicle||A type of plug-in electric vehicle that is powered by an electric motor, but which uses a small petrol or diesel generator to produce electricity to charge the battery when it is depleted. (Also known as E-REVs.)|
|EV||Electric Vehicle||The umbrella term for any kind of electrified vehicle.|
|FCEV||Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle||Electric vehicles that use a hydrogen fuel cell to power an electric motor, which drives the vehicle. (Also known as FCVs.)|
|FCV||Fuel Cell (Electric) Vehicle||Means exactly the same as FCEV (above).|
|HEV||Hybrid Electric Vehicle||A type of electric vehicle that uses either petrol or diesel fuel as the main power source for the engine, and also has a small electric motor which assists the internal combustion engine.|
|ICE||Internal Combustion Engine||The type of engine used to power most non-electric power-generating devices, including vehicles. An ICE works through igniting and combusting the fuel within the engine itself.|
|PEV||Plug-In Electric Vehicle||The blanket term for any electric vehicle with a plug socket. (Also sometimes called PIVs.)|
|PHEV||Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle||The type of electric vehicle that uses either petrol or diesel fuel to power the engine, and also has batteries to power an electric motor.|
|PIV||Plug-In Vehicle||Another way of saying PEV (above).|
|RE-EV||Range-Extended Electric Vehicle||Another way of saying EREV (above.)|
|REx||Range-Extended Electric Vehicle||Another way of saying EREV (above.)|
|RB||Regenerative Braking||A feature of electric vehicles that allows the kinetic energy generated through braking to be sent to the battery for use in powering the vehicle.|
|RPH||Range Per Hour||A metric by which the power of electric vehicle chargers is rated. RPH allows drivers to estimate how far they can go after a specific period of charging.|
|V2G||Vehicle to Grid||The concept of feeding the energy stored in an electric vehicle battery back into the grid.|
|V2X||Vehicle to Everything||Technology that allows a vehicle to communicate with traffic infrastructure, control systems, and other vehicles.|
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